【川普】针对一些国家 限制有害美国利益者入境(全文翻译)(图)



(图片来源:视频截图)

【看中国2020年2月1日讯】(看中国记者天琴翻译)1月31日,针对未能提供符合基本国家安全要求的必要信息的国家国民,美国发布入境美国的限制。根据该声明最后的背景介绍,《移民和国籍法》第212(f)条规定:只要总统发现任何外国人,或任何种类的外国人进入美国有害于美国的利益,他都可以宣布,并在他认为必要的时间内中止其入境。对所有外国人或作为移民或非移民的任何类别的外国人,或对外国人入境施加他认为适当的任何限制。

以下是全文翻译。

STATEMENTS&RELEASES
声明与发布

NATIONAL SECURITY&DEFENSE
国家安全与防御

Issued on: January 31,2020
发布时间:2020年1月31日

Defending American lives and safety is the President’s highest duty.
捍卫美国人民的生命和安全是总统的最高职责。

Pursuant to Presidential Proclamation 9645, the Acting Secretary of Homeland Security submitted to the President a report—drafted in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Director of National Intelligence—on global compliance with standards established for the screening and vetting of foreign nationals seeking to come to the United States.  As set forth in Presidential Proclamation 9645, countries that fail to conduct proper identity management protocols and procedures, or that fail to provide information necessary to comply with basic national security requirements—including sharing terrorist, criminal, or other identity information—face the risk of restrictions and limitations on the entry of their nationals into the United States.
根据总统9645号公告,国土安全部代理秘书向总统提交了一份报告,该报告是与国务卿,总检察长和国家情报局局长协商起草的,在全球范围内遵守的,为寻求入境美国的外国国民进行筛选和审查的标准​​。根据9645号总统公告所规定的,未能执行适当的身份管理协议和程序的国家,或未能提供符合基本国家安全要求的必要信息的国家(包括共享恐怖份子,犯罪或其它身份信息)面临着其国民入境美国受到限制和局限性的风险。

Today, following the recommendations provided by Members of his Cabinet and his advisors, President Donald J. Trump has issued a proclamation maintaining entry restrictions on certain nationals of Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Yemen, and Somalia; suspending the overseas issuance of immigrant visas for certain nationals of Burma (Myanmar), Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, and Nigeria; and suspending participation in the “Visa Lottery” for certain nationals of Sudan and Tanzania.  The new restrictions will not apply to tourist, business, or other nonimmigrant travel.  The Administration will work with the non-compliant countries to bring them into compliance with United States security standards.
今天,根据内阁成员们和顾问们的建议,唐纳德.J.川普总统发布了一项公告,维持对伊朗,利比亚,朝鲜,叙利亚,委内瑞拉,也门和索马里一些国家的国民入境(美国)的限制;中止对缅甸(缅甸),厄立特里亚,吉尔吉斯斯坦和尼日利亚一些国家的国民海外发放签证;并暂停苏丹和坦桑尼亚一些国民的“签证抽奖”活动。新的限制将不适用于游客,商务或其它非移民旅行。(川普)政府将对不遵守规定的国家做工作,来使它们符合美国安全标准。

It is fundamental to national security, and the height of common sense, that if a foreign nation wishes to receive the benefits of immigration and travel to the United States, it must satisfy basic security conditions outlined by America’s law-enforcement and intelligence professionals.  Proclamation 9645 was reviewed and upheld as lawful by the Supreme Court.  President Trump’s security and travel proclamations have immeasurably improved our national security, substantially raised the global standard for information-sharing, and dramatically strengthened the integrity of the United States’ immigration system.  The orders have been a tremendous and vital success.
这是一个国家安全的基础,从常识的高度,如果一个外国人希望获得移民福利和前往美国旅行,必须满足美国执法和情报专业人员概述的基本安全条件。最高法院对第9645号公告进行了审查并认为其合法。川普总统的安全和旅行声明极大地改善了我们的国家安全,很大成度上提高了信息共享的全球标准,并显著的加强了美国移民系统的完整性。这些命令是巨大而至关重要的成功。

BACKGROUND:
背景:

Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act provides:
《移民和国籍法》第212(f)条规定:

“Suspension of entry or imposition of restrictions by President
“总统暂停入境或施加限制

Whenever the President finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, he may by proclamation, and for such period as he shall deem necessary, suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens as immigrants or nonimmigrants, or impose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate.”
只要总统发现任何外国人或任何种类的外国人进入美国有害于美国的利益,他都可以宣布,并在他认为必要的时间内中止其入境。对所有外国人或作为移民或非移民的任何类别的外国人,或对外国人入境施加他认为适当的任何限制。”


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